Bonsai trees are breathtaking and are known for bringing peace to their caretaker and one such exquisite example is the olive bonsai tree. Just like other varieties of bonsai trees, the olive bonsai tree has several available species as well as specific needs that must be met in order to make it grow beautifully. Read below for examples of olive bonsai tree varieties and methods of caretaking.
Species of Olive Bonsai Trees
One might think that there would be only one or two types of olive bonsai tree suitable for the pruning and maintenance that comes with bonsai. In fact, there are at least six different species of olive that are used to create beautiful bonsais. These include the olea “Cailletier”, the olea europaea, the olea europaea “Montra,” the olea europaea oleaster, the olea eurpaea oleaster, the olea europea sativa, the olea “Picholene” and the olea “Tanche.”
How does each of these olive bonsai trees differ? The Cailletier and the Tanche are each black olives, while the Picholine is a green one. The oleaster is a wild olive, while the europaea is a common Mediterranean one. The Montra is in many ways the miniature of the europaea and is a specifically smaller breed and a favorite among bonsai aficionado.
How to Care for Your Bonsai
As with any bonsai, olive bonsai trees require a little bit of work in order to make them beautiful, and, in this case, make them produce fruit. In general, the soil must be easily draining, as is true with most bonsai plants. The plants enjoy full sun but should not be allowed to endure a frost. Every two to three years, the olive bonsai tree should be repotted and approximately one-third of the root ball trimmed.
Wiring and pruning can be difficult when trying to train and perfect your bonsai. Wire tends to slice into the soft wood of the olive tree and so raffia is often used in its place. In addition, pruning is to occur in the fall during a waning moon. This will avoid the growth of branches inward toward the trunk. Buds can also be pinched regularly.
The fruit produced by an olive bonsai tree often occurs in the later months of summer or the earlier months of fall. To make fruit production more likely, the temperature in which the plant exists should be dropped to a nighttime of 35F and a day time of 60F.